Costs land acquisition unit:
Costs land acquisition information:
Four types of agreements with the SMIVAL were proposed to farmers and land owners. For one option, the SMIVAL had to buy the land from the owner. The price of land depends on the crop (arable lands or permanent grasslands) and on the département. In Ariège, prices are 5000 €/ha for arable land and 2500 €/ha for permanent meadows. In Haute-Garonne they reach 6000 €/ha and 3000 €/ha, respectively.
This option was never chosen by land owners.
Costs total information:
Financing comes from the French State, the SMIVAL, local authorities, ERDF and the Water Agency. Up to now, about 75 000 € have been spent for floodbreaks. About 20 % of the financing comes from the SMIVAL and 80 % from other financing partners.
Between 2009 and 2012, 3020 linear metres of hedgerows have been planted (including 520 linear metres for the two test hedgerows) for a total cost of 47 870 € (costs for hedgerows which have been planted later are not taken into account).
Costs are distributed as follow:
- Technical study: 9 240 € in 2007
- First test hedge (in Montaud): 4 221 € in 2008 and 3 532 € in 2009
- Second test hedge (in Artigat): 3 420 € in 2010
- Hedge planting 2011-2012: 27 456 € in 2011 and 2012
Cost of one linear metre of hedge : 11 € as planned by the PAPI. But for the test hedgerows, costs reached 45 to 60 € per linear metre.
Compensations annual information:
Payment depends on the agreement between farmers/landowners and the SMIVAL. In some cases, there is no payment. There may be a payment to landowners when arable land is bought or rent by the SMIVAL. There may also be a payment to farmers when new hedgerows disturb the organisation of the farmer.
Compensations scheme information:
Payment depends on the agreement between farmers/landowners and the SMIVAL. In some case, there are no payment. There may be a payment to landowners when arable land is bought or rent by the SMIVAL. There may also be a payment to farmer when new hedgerows disturb the organisation of the farmer.
Information on Ecosystem improved biodiversity:
Ecosystem provisioning services:
Information on Ecosystem provisioning services:
Provision of wood and food (fruit trees in the hedges).
Information on Ecosystem water supply:
Ecosystem impact climate regulation:
Not relevant for the specific application
Ecosystem erosion control:
Information on Ecosystem erosion control:
Slowing down water runoff should help to decrease soil erosion in the flooding plain.
Information on Ecosystem erosion control impact:
Local positive impacts on soil erosion can be seen, but there is no assessment nor quantification