After severe flooding of the river Sava (Zagreb 1964, Sisak and Karlovac 1965 and 1966) a flood prevention scheme, "Sava 2000" was set up and approved in 1972, with the aim not only to prevent flooding, but also to develop the agriculture. The project was a combination of the construction of large storage areas to retain excess flood water which the Sava cannot discharge, and conventional works (construction of dikes and regulation of the river canal). About 40% of the plan was completed when the region was plunged into conflict in 1990 and Yugoslavia fell apart, leaving large alluvial wetlands unregulated. In the meantime, the vision on ecological values changed. In the year 2000, the World Bank recommended to adjust the 1972 plan to a flood protection scheme that takes into consideration the ecological and landscape diversity values of the floodplains. This 'World Bankplan' proposed measures to mitigate the detrimental impacts on the biodiversity caused by the implementation of the first phase of the 1972 plan. Additional objectives of this new approach were to stimulate the preservation and development of the natural and cultural heritage of the Sava area. The Life project "Central Posavina - Wading toward Integrated Basin Management"; fits in this context in particular by promoting an Integrated Sava Basin Management Plan that meets the requirements of the Water Framework Directive.