LID is a toolbox of site-scale practices that the site designer and developer can utilize to:
- manage urban rainfall where it occurs for minimized stormwater concentration and runoff
- potentially lower short-term and long-term development costs
- improve water quality
- enhance natural habitat and flood control
- improve green space aesthetics and potentially increase property values
- increase community quality of life and livability
There are many practices that are used to support these benefits, including bioretention systems, rain gardens, vegetated rooftops, bioswales, rain barrels, and permeable pavements to name a few. By implementing LID principles and practices, water can be managed in a way that reduces the impact of built areas on the environment while providing numerous additional benefits. (source: LID symposium).
This concept is very similar to NWRM in the United States context. It is very connected to Green Infrastructure. See also the link to US EPA green infrastructure website.