Meadows and pastures

Code: 
A01
Sector: 
Agriculture
The complete description of the NWRM: 
Summary: 

Meadows are areas or fields whose main vegetation is grass, or other non-woody plants, used for mowing and haying.  Pastures are grassed or wooded areas, moorland or heathland, generally used for grazing. Due to their rooted soils and their permanent cover, meadows and pastures provide good conditions for the uptake and storage of water during temporary floods. They also protect water quality by trapping sediments and assimilating nutrients.

The measure offers the potential for temporary flood storage, increased water retention in the landscape and runoff attenuation. Soil cover is maintained at all times with rooted vegetation, this reduces the surface flow of water and allows greater infiltration to the soil. Rates of soil erosion are considerably lower than arable land with potential benefits for water quality.

Illustration(s): 

 

Flooded meadow, Scotland (UK)

Source: Chris Spray’s presentation, NWRM Workshop 1 (Scotland)

Possible benefits with level: 
Benefits Levelsort descending
BP2 - Slow runoff High
BP10 - Reduce erosion and/or sediment delivery High
ES7 - Flood risk reduction High
ES8 - Erosion/sediment control High
PO9 - Take adequate and co-ordinated measures to reduce flood risks High
PO11 - Better protection for ecosystems and more use of Green Infrastructure High
BP6 - Increase infiltration and/or groundwater recharge Low
BP11 - Improve soils Low
PO5 - Improving quantitative status Low
PO8 - Prevent groundwater status deterioration Low
BP5 - Increase evapotranspiration Medium
BP7 - Increase soil water retention Medium
BP17 - Absorb and/or retain CO2 Medium
ES5 - Climate change adaptation and mitigation Medium
ES6 - Groundwater/aquifer recharge Medium
ES9 - Filtration of pollutants Medium
PO3 - Improving status of hydromorphology quality elements Medium
PO7 - Prevent surface water status deterioration Medium
PO12 - More sustainable agriculture and forestry Medium
PO14 - Prevention of biodiversity loss Medium
Last updated: 08 Jun 2015 | Top